on the age and needs of the client, a session runs a
minimum of 30 minutes (children and young adults) to
a maximum of 60 minutes (adults and seniors). The length
of a session depends on the attention span and focus
of the client. The frequency of the sessions
(daily, weekly, monthly, etc.) is determined during the
initial assessment, which generally runs longer than
a typical music therapy session.
length of a group session would depend on the number
of participants. Groups can range in size from as small
as 5 clients to as large as 40 people.
are adaptable to the involvement and interest level of
a client. For example, if a client really enjoys or responds
to a particular segment, the therapist may continue that
activity. Music therapists are trained to be sensitive
to clients' needs and responses, and adjust sessions
are encouraged to become involved in the music making
process during a therapy session. The therapist strives
to create an atmosphere and environment that encourages
clients to actively participate. Music listening and
sing along song activities are integral forms of musical
involvement and part of a typical session.
main instruments used by the music therapist to lead
a typical session are piano (keyboards) or guitar. Electric
keyboards and guitars have become more portable and are
the preferred choices. Advances in computers and technology
have afforded many client-friendly instruments, such
as the Suzuki QChord. A wide variety of drums and percussion
instruments are also effective in promoting client involvement.